PHARMACY
LEFT EYE OF HORUS
LEFT EYE OF HORUS
This ancient Egyptian left Eye of Horus was the forerunner of the Rx symbol now used in pharmacy. Personified in the goddess Wadjet (green one) or Udjat. Faience used as a healing and protective amulet 664-332BC.
LEFT EYE OF HORUS
THE EYE OF HORUS
THE EYE OF HORUS
Used as a method of measurement in early Egypt and the basis for the Rx symbol in pharmacy
THE EYE OF HORUS
EARLY PHARMACY
EARLY PHARMACY
from "The Canon of Medicine" by Avicenna, 15th century copy
EARLY PHARMACY
LA PHARMACIE RUSTIQUE
LA PHARMACIE RUSTIQUE
by Barthelemi Hubner showing Michael Schuppach examining urine (1775)
LA PHARMACIE RUSTIQUE
EARLY APOTHECARY
EARLY APOTHECARY
Note the hanging crocodile as a sign of health.
EARLY APOTHECARY
NILE CROCODILE
NILE CROCODILE
These animals were hung in early pharmacies as a sign of health. This example held a baby in its mouth as a symbol of fertility.
NILE CROCODILE
POWDERED MUMMY
POWDERED MUMMY
from Europe (ca 1600-1800)
POWDERED MUMMY
MEDICINE MAN
MEDICINE MAN
"White Buffalo, an Aged Medicine Man (Blackfoot)" by George Catlin (1832)
MEDICINE MAN
MANDRAKE
MANDRAKE
an hallucinogen formerly used in "witch's brew" to be carefully removed from the ground
MANDRAKE
MANDRAKE PLANT
MANDRAKE PLANT
often grows in the human form so has mystical properties
MANDRAKE PLANT
MANDRAKE PILLS
MANDRAKE PILLS
still used into the 20th century
MANDRAKE PILLS
CHINESE GINSENG
CHINESE GINSENG
use as an aphrodesiac and stimulant for thousands of years
CHINESE GINSENG
ATROPA BELLADONNA
ATROPA BELLADONNA
from Medical Botany: or "Illustrations and Descriptions of the Medicinal Plants..." by Stephenson and Chirchill (1828). antispasmodic, anticholinergic
ATROPA BELLADONNA
HYOSCYAMUS NIGER
HYOSCYAMUS NIGER
(Henbane) from "Medical Botany: or Illustrations and Descriptions of the Medicinal Plants..." by Stephenson and Chirchill (1828). a narcotic
HYOSCYAMUS NIGER
HELLEBORUS NIGER
HELLEBORUS NIGER
(Hellebore) from "Medical Botany: or Illustrations and Descriptions of the Medicinal Plants..." by Stephenson and Chirchill (1828). sedative, diuretic
HELLEBORUS NIGER
ACONITUM NAPELLUS
ACONITUM NAPELLUS
(Wolf's Bane) from "Medical Botany: or Illustrations and Descriptions of the Medicinal Plants..." by Stephenson and Chirchill (1828). diuretic, narcotic
ACONITUM NAPELLUS
CONVOLVULUS JALAPA
CONVOLVULUS JALAPA
from "Medical Botany: or Illustrations and Descriptions of the Medicinal Plants..." by Stephenson and Chirchill (1828). purgative
CONVOLVULUS JALAPA
NICOTIANA TABACUM
NICOTIANA TABACUM
(Virginia Tobacco) from "Medical Botany: or Illustrations and Descriptions of the Medicinal Plants..." by Stephenson and Chirchill (1828). diuretic, antispasmotic
NICOTIANA TABACUM
DIGITALIS PURPUREA
DIGITALIS PURPUREA
from "Medical Botany: or Illustrations and Descriptions of the Medicinal Plants..." by Stephenson and Chirchill (1828). diuretic
DIGITALIS PURPUREA
PAPAVER SOMNIFERUM
PAPAVER SOMNIFERUM
(White Poppy) from "Medical Botany: or Illustrations and Descriptions of the Medicinal Plants..." by Stephenson and Chirchill (1828). analgesic
PAPAVER SOMNIFERUM
CANTHARIDES
CANTHARIDES
Lytta vesicatoria or Spanish Fly (an aphrodesiac)
CANTHARIDES
ORCHID
ORCHID
used for testicular diseases since anatomic similarity
ORCHID
ORCHID ROOT
ORCHID ROOT
for testicular diseses
ORCHID ROOT
VIN MARIANI
VIN MARIANI
with cocaine added
VIN MARIANI
VIN MARIANI
VIN MARIANI
19th century advertising in "The New York Medical Times"
VIN MARIANI
WINE WITH COCAINE
WINE WITH COCAINE
early 20th century
WINE WITH COCAINE
VIN MARIANI
VIN MARIANI
19th century advertising
VIN MARIANI
VIN MARIANI
VIN MARIANI
19th century award
VIN MARIANI
TRADE CARD
TRADE CARD
Vin Mariani with cocaine
TRADE CARD
TRADE CARD
TRADE CARD
alcohol product for tuberculosis
TRADE CARD
COCAINE ADVERTISING
COCAINE ADVERTISING
the use of cocaine to help stop smoking
COCAINE ADVERTISING
COCA COLA ADVERTISING
COCA COLA ADVERTISING
cocaine in Coca Cola
COCA COLA ADVERTISING
COCA COLA DISPENSER
COCA COLA DISPENSER
COCA COLA DISPENSER
OTC CONTROLLED SUBSTANCES
OTC CONTROLLED SUBSTANCES
(left) heroin, cannabis for children's diseases, opium for abdominal pain (Ca 1900)
OTC CONTROLLED SUBSTANCES
LAUDANUM
LAUDANUM
A very popular OTC medication containing opium and alcohol for the relief of pain throughout the 19th cdmtury.
LAUDANUM
MRS. WINSLOW'S SOOTHING SYRUP
MRS. WINSLOW'S SOOTHING SYRUP
early 20th century opium for children
MRS. WINSLOW'S SOOTHING SYRUP
MS. WINSLOW'S
MS. WINSLOW'S
This teething medication contained morphine and was responsible for the deaths of many children and led to the passage of protective federal regulations.
MS. WINSLOW'S
PROF JM MUNYON
PROF JM MUNYON
maker of homeopathy cures
PROF JM MUNYON
HOMEOPATHY SETS
HOMEOPATHY SETS
(top) by Boericke and Tafel (ca 1890)
HOMEOPATHY SETS
HUMPHRIES HOMEOPATHIC
HUMPHRIES HOMEOPATHIC
A cure for the common cold!
HUMPHRIES HOMEOPATHIC
LYDIA PINKHAM
LYDIA PINKHAM
late 19th century
LYDIA PINKHAM
PINKHAM'S VEGETABLE COMPOUND
PINKHAM'S VEGETABLE COMPOUND
late 19th century
PINKHAM'S VEGETABLE COMPOUND
PATENT MEDICINES
PATENT MEDICINES
19th century medications for kidney disease
PATENT MEDICINES
CANCER CURE
CANCER CURE
late 19th century guarantee
CANCER CURE
TRADE CARD
TRADE CARD
late 19th century
TRADE CARD
TRADE CARD
TRADE CARD
an early kidney cure
TRADE CARD
TESTAMONIAL
TESTAMONIAL
1900 century testamonial from the Alpha Medical Institute
TESTAMONIAL
UNUSUAL INGREDIENTS
UNUSUAL INGREDIENTS
(top) X ray linament, electric blood purifier, magnetic oil, radium radia, (bottom) ozone, magnetic pills, radioactive salve, 19th century
UNUSUAL INGREDIENTS
DANGEROUS INGREDIENTS
DANGEROUS INGREDIENTS
over-the-counter alcohol, strichnine, and arsenate
DANGEROUS INGREDIENTS
SNAKE OIL
SNAKE OIL
ca 1880
SNAKE OIL
AIDS ANTACID
AIDS ANTACID
1980 advertising bad timing
AIDS ANTACID
JANUS
JANUS
earthenware advertising hung outside a pharmacy (before and after medication)
JANUS
SHOW GLOBES
SHOW GLOBES
(left) stained glass with gargoyle bracket by Banks Druggist's Fixtures, (right) by Whitall, Tatum, and Co. with lion bracket (ca 1880)
SHOW GLOBES
STANDING SHOW GLOBES
STANDING SHOW GLOBES
(left) "art deco" (ca 1930), others late 19th century ptobably by Whitall, Tatum, and Co.
STANDING SHOW GLOBES
HANGING SHOW GLOBES
HANGING SHOW GLOBES
(left) by Whitall, Tatum, and Co. (right) by Clark, Woodward, and Co. (ca 1909)
HANGING SHOW GLOBES
PORCELAIN VASES A DEVANTURE
PORCELAIN VASES A DEVANTURE
French with portraits of Hippocrates and Galen (ca 1850)
PORCELAIN VASES A DEVANTURE
SPECIES JAR
SPECIES JAR
mid 19th century
SPECIES JAR
BRITISH CARBOY
BRITISH CARBOY
late 19th century
BRITISH CARBOY
AMERICAN CARBOY
AMERICAN CARBOY
late 19th century
AMERICAN CARBOY
MORTAR AND PESTLE
MORTAR AND PESTLE
Elephant vertebra and rib used by a Maasai witch doctor in Kenya.
MORTAR AND PESTLE
MORTAR AND PESTLE
MORTAR AND PESTLE
(left) late 15th century bronze mortar and pestle in the Gothic style with ribbed handles, (right) Burgundian mortar and pestle (1638)
MORTAR AND PESTLE
BRITISH BEAM SCALE
BRITISH BEAM SCALE
by W. and T. Avery (ca 1880)
BRITISH BEAM SCALE
OPIUM SCALE
OPIUM SCALE
19th century
OPIUM SCALE
ARBARELLO
ARBARELLO
Italian albarello containing the all-powerful theriac, (ca 1641)
ARBARELLO
APOTHECARY JAR
APOTHECARY JAR
16th -17th century earthenware jar
APOTHECARY JAR
APOTHECARY JAR
APOTHECARY JAR
16th -17th century earthenware jar
APOTHECARY JAR
APOTHECARY JAR
APOTHECARY JAR
16th -17th century earthenware jar
APOTHECARY JAR
GALIPOTS
GALIPOTS
17th century for used to hold medications on board ship
GALIPOTS
CORK PRESS
CORK PRESS
19th century crocodile cork press
CORK PRESS
BLOOD BITTERS
BLOOD BITTERS
early 20th century
BLOOD BITTERS
TRADE CARD
TRADE CARD
stomach bitters, early 20th century
TRADE CARD
TRADE CARD
TRADE CARD
bitters
TRADE CARD
TRADE CARDS
TRADE CARDS
iron bitters
TRADE CARDS
STOMACH BITTERS
STOMACH BITTERS
late 20th century
STOMACH BITTERS
FEVER AGUE
FEVER AGUE
early 20th century with 45% alcohol
FEVER AGUE
INDIAN TONIC
INDIAN TONIC
all "Indian" medications sold well
INDIAN TONIC
LAXATIVE
LAXATIVE
early 20th century Indian tonic
LAXATIVE
LABELED GLASS BOTTLES
LABELED GLASS BOTTLES
examples of late 19th century pharmacy bottles
LABELED GLASS BOTTLES
MEDICINE CHEST
MEDICINE CHEST
Genoese medicine chest of governor Vincenzo Giustiniani (ca 1565)
MEDICINE CHEST
MEDICINE CHESTS
MEDICINE CHESTS
(left) English medicine chest (ca 1860), (right) late 19th century British triptych style
MEDICINE CHESTS
BLISTERING LIQUIID
BLISTERING LIQUIID
from a medicine chest
BLISTERING LIQUIID
CALOMEL
CALOMEL
a common purgative containing mercury from a medicine chest
CALOMEL
SUGAR OF LEAD POISON
SUGAR OF LEAD POISON
from a medicine chest
SUGAR OF LEAD POISON
RADITHOR
RADITHOR
a dangerous radioactive tonic from the early 20th century
RADITHOR
INSULIN
INSULIN
U20 and U40 Insulin - first examples from the early 1920's.
INSULIN
MEDICAL SADDLE BAGS
MEDICAL SADDLE BAGS
from "Harper's Weekly"
MEDICAL SADDLE BAGS
MEDICAL SADDLE BAGS
MEDICAL SADDLE BAGS
Hoff"s saddle bags (ca 1880)
MEDICAL SADDLE BAGS
BUGGY BAG
BUGGY BAG
bottled medications ca 1875
BUGGY BAG
PHARMACEUTICAL EQUIPMENT
PHARMACEUTICAL EQUIPMENT
(left) pill machine, silverer, and tile; Stoke's suppositoy machine, brass molds (rectal, vaginal, and urethral
PHARMACEUTICAL EQUIPMENT
PRESCRIPTION ALCOHOL
PRESCRIPTION ALCOHOL
early 20th century
PRESCRIPTION ALCOHOL
SARSAPARILLA
SARSAPARILLA
early 20th century
SARSAPARILLA
PHENACETIN
PHENACETIN
Introduced in 1887, this analgesic was taken off the market secondary to a significant risk of renal failure and carcinoma. Famous aviator Howard Hughes abused this medication and eventuallly died of renal failure.
PHENACETIN
INSULIN
INSULIN
This is one of the first comercially available prepartions of insulin made by Eli Lilly and Company in the early 1920's.
INSULIN
TRADE CARD
TRADE CARD
sarsaparilla
TRADE CARD
TRADE CARD
TRADE CARD
early 20th century
TRADE CARD
TRADE CARD
TRADE CARD
early 20th century
TRADE CARD
TRADE CARD
TRADE CARD
late 19th century
TRADE CARD
TRADE CARD
TRADE CARD
tonic vermifuge
TRADE CARD
TRADE CARD
TRADE CARD
a common "kidney and liver" cure
TRADE CARD
TRADE CARD
TRADE CARD
early 20th century
TRADE CARD
TRADE CARD
TRADE CARD
cure for tuberculosis
TRADE CARD
TRADE CARD
TRADE CARD
one of many very popular almanacs
TRADE CARD
TRADE CARD
TRADE CARD
an early 19th century kidney cure
TRADE CARD
TRADE CARD
TRADE CARD
a cold cure
TRADE CARD
TRADE CARD
TRADE CARD
a cure all balsam
TRADE CARD
TRADE CARD
TRADE CARD
balsam
TRADE CARD
ALMANAC
ALMANAC
ALMANAC
ALMANAC
ALMANAC
ALMANAC
ALMANAC
ALMANAC
ALMANAC
ALMANAC
ALMANAC
ALMANAC
ALMANAC
ALMANAC
ALMANAC
THE GRIEF OF USELESS MEDICATIONS
THE GRIEF OF USELESS MEDICATIONS
daguerriotype (ca 1848)
THE GRIEF OF USELESS MEDICATIONS
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